BREWING METHODS

A Quick Guide to Manual Coffee Making Styles

Below is a brief overview of six manual coffee making styles, including some quick tips, as a starting point to help you select your preferred method of infusion, from pour over/drip, plunger/pressed, percolate to vacuum.

Pour Over/Drip: Coffee Cone

One of the oldest, simplest, fastest and cheapest ways to brew coffee is the drip method using a coffee cone and paper filter. Hot water is poured evenly over coffee grounds in a paper filter. With gravity, the brewed coffee drips slowly and directly into a cup or pot. Coffee cones are made of plastic, glass, stainless steel or ceramic. The shape of the cone and their filters will influence the flavors. Popular brands include Melitta, Hario V60, Kalita Wave and Bee House.
Pour Over Coffee Brewing

  • Grind of Beans: medium-fine to coarse
  • Quantity of Coffee: 3 tablespoons of coffee (21g)
  • Brewing Time: 1-3 minutes
  • Flavor Profile: Smooth, round body
  • Cost: $8-$71 (extra cost for filters)
  • Produces a single cup of coffee
  • Easy to clean
  • Portable
  • Requires paper filters that match the cone


Pour Over/Drip: Chemex

Chemex is a beautifully designed and elegant pour over, glass flask that was invented in 1941 by Dr. Peter Schlumbohm. It uses a special Chemex paper filter that is 20-30% heavier than other filters. Similar to the coffee cone, hot water is poured over coffee grounds in a paper filter. The brewed
coffee drips into the bottom of the flask
which doubles as its own carafe.
 Chemex Coffee Brewing

  • Grind of Beans: medium-coarse
  • Ground Coffee: 6 tablespoons of coffee (42g)
  • Brewing Time: 4 minutes
  • Flavor Profile: balanced, cleaner, refined, floral, sweet notes and
    non-acidic
  • Cost: $45-78 (extra cost for filters)
  • Different sizes yields up to 6 cups
  • Harder to clean and requires special brush
  • Portable but fragile
  • Requires Chemex paper filters


Plunger/Press: French Press


The French Press method, invented in 1929, is widely considered as the best and easiest method for brewing superior and consistent coffee. It extracts, arguably, more superior flavors than any other method. In a press pot, ground coffee is soaked, steeped and strained in hot water; therefore, coffee’s flavorful essential oils, caffeine and antioxidants are better diffused and preserved leaving the purest flavors of the coffee. It is well suited for coffee drinkers that enjoy a luscious, expressive and complex taste experience.

French Press Coffee Brewing

  • Grind of Beans: coarse
  • Ground Coffee: 2-2.5 tablespoons of coffee (14-17g) for one cup
  • Brewing Time: 4 minutes
  • Flavor Profile: pure, clean flavor nuances that are complex and robust
    body
  • Cost: $8-112
  • Various sizes producing up to 8 cups of coffee
  • Easy to clean
  • Portable, especially the stainless steel thermal variety
  • No filters required


Plunger/Press: AeroPress

Relatively new, the maker of Aerobie Frisbee (Alan Adler) created and launched the AeroPress in 2005. The AeroPress is plastic and comes in 3 parts. A filter sits in a coffee basket at the bottom of the brew chamber. Coffee grounds rest in the brew chamber where hot water is added then immerses/steeps the coffee. To extract the coffee, a plunger is pressed down creating air pressure to force brewed coffee through a filter and into a cup.

AeroPress Coffee Brewing

  • Grind of Beans: fine-medium
  • Ground Coffee: 2.5 tablespoons of coffee (17g)
  • Brewing Time: 1-2 minutes
  • Flavour Profile: sweet, full-bodied, espresso-style coffee
  • Cost: $40-50 (extra cost for filters)
  • Produces a single cup of coffee
  • Easy to clean
  • Portable, especially popular with campers
  • Requires AeroPress micro paper filters (or a fine metal filter)


Percolate: Stovetop Moka Pot

Originally patented in 1933 by Alfonso Bialetti, stovetop style coffee makers use steam pressure from boiled water in the lower section to pass through coffee grounds in the mid chamber of the pot. Brewed coffee then sits in the higher chamber. A well designed stovetop pot will created better pressure. Common brands include Bialetti, Pedrini, and Kabalo.

Stovetop Moka Pot Coffee Brewing

  • Grind of Beans: Fine-Medium Coarse
  • Ground Coffee: 2.5-3 tablespoons of coffee (17-22g)
  • Brewing Time: 5 minutes
  • Flavour Profile: espresso-style coffee, strong and can be bitter
  • Cost: $20-60
  • Requires a gas stove
  • Produces the equivalent of a single or double shot
  • Easy to clean
  • Portable and durable
  • No extra filters required


Vacuum: Siphon

The siphon is a fancy and flashy coffee maker. It can be a fun way to make
coffee and impress friends at the same time, but it can be a fussy process. It was invented in Germany in the 1840s. Coffee grounds are added to the upper vessel and vapor pressure forces hot water up to immerse the coffee. Once the heat is removed, gravity pushes the
brewed coffee back through a filter into the bottom vessel. Common brands include Hario, Yama and Bodum.

Siphon Coffee Brewing

  • Grind of Beans: Medium coarseness
  • Ground Coffee: 6 tablespoons of coffee (40g)
  • Brewing Time: 6 minutes
  • Flavor Profile: mellow and delicate flavors
  • Cost: $70-160 (extra cost for filters)
  • Produces several cups of coffee
  • Finicky to clean
  • Delicate and hard to store. Not portable.
  • Requires candle or butane burner (unless it has an electric heater), metal
    or cloth filter


Additional Tips to improve home brewing methods:

  • Before use, rinse filters with hot water to remove any chemicals on the paper. Most common sized filters are also available unbleached.
  • For the pour over methods, employ a slow and steady pour of hot water in a spiral motion from the center outwards to thoroughly saturate all the coffee grounds evenly, which ensures optimal extraction.
  • To achieve even water distribution for the pour over and pressed coffee making methods, use a narrow spouted pouring kettle.
  • Start with cold, filtered water when possible.
  • Use fresh roasted beans and grind the beans just before brewing
  • Hot water should be just off boil (205F or 96C).
  • Rinse the makers and cups with hot water in advance to keep coffee hot for longer.
  • Some trial and error is to be expected when experimenting with new brew methods. Everyone’s taste preference varies, so don’t be afraid to adjust the grind or amount of coffee to suit your palette.
  • Don’t forget to compost your used coffee grinds, filters included!